Top 15 Popular Varieties Of Citrus Fruits In India
Read on to know the top 15 varieties of citrus fruits available in India.
Love citrus fruits? Let’s have a look at the Top 15 varieties of citrus fruits in India. Citrus fruits are cultivated in tropical and subtropical climate regions. More so, the primary production of different citrus fruits is the US, Spain, Brazil, China, Mexico, and India. All citrus fruits grow on flowering shrubs and trees, which belong to the Rutaceae genus.
The peel of citrus fruits is leathery, and the outermost layer is known as ‘zest.’ This zest is used in the preparation of desserts and soups for flavor (majorly lemon). Moreover, some citrus fruits are found separated into segments after peeling like oranges. One of the best things about these citrus fruits is that they have tons of health benefits that help in boosting the immune system.
Some of the examples of citrus fruits are lemon, grapefruit, orange, sweet lime, pomelo, and many more. Read on to know about the top 15 varieties of citrus fruits available in India.
1. Sweet Lime
Sweet Lime is considered one of the top 15 varieties of citrus fruits available in India. Sweet lime is commonly known as mosambi in Indian citrus fruits. Citrus limetta is the scientific name of mosambi and grows in tropical and subtropical climatic regions. Sweet lime has a sweet flavor. Moreover, sweet lime is somewhat low in acid content when compared to other citrus fruits.
Mosambis can be consumed whole or in its juice form, served with sugar, salt, and masala. It is most commonly found in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
2. Oranges – Citrus food loaded with Vitamin C
Loaded with Vitamin C, antioxidants, and fiber, oranges are very good for health. China and Brazil are the top two producers of orange, respectively. India is the third-largest producer in the world.
Oranges grow in tropical and subtropical climatic regions and are available around the world. Actually, oranges are a hybrid fruit between a mandarin and a pomelo. Oranges are bigger than tangerines. There are a lot of orange varieties in India, varying in price and quality.
Tangerine is considered one of the top 15 varieties of citrus fruits available in India. One of the best things about these tangerine fruits is that they are much sweeter when compared to other citrus fruits list. These tangerine fruits are used in desserts, salads, drinks, and some other kinds of seafood.
`It is believed that tangerine is a fruit like orange. Often confused with oranges, they are actually not the same. Oranges are bigger than tangerines, and tangerines are less tart than oranges.
Clementine is commonly found in types of citrus trees in India. It is one of the top 15 varieties of citrus fruits available in India and is a cross between a mandarin orange and a sweet orange. Thus, it contains less acid content, and the taste is often confused with a mandarin orange. The botanical name of clementine is Citrus Clementina and is similar to tangerine citrus fruit in looks.
5. Blood Orange
One of the best things about blood orange is that it is rich in antioxidants named anthocyanins. Moreover, blood orange comes under the family of orange family fruits. You don’t see these antioxidants in any other citrus fruits list.
Blood orange gives a combination taste of raspberries with a citrus punch. The scientific name of the blood orange is Citrus Sinensis.
6. Kinnow – Hybrid Citrus Fruit
Kinnow (कीनू / किन्नू) is one of the most popular names of citrus fruits in India. It is a new hybrid citrus fruit that comes from mandarin and king orange. It has high juice content, and these fruits are exported to the UAE, Philippines, and the Netherlands from the Indian markets.
The botanical name of kinnow is Citrus Nobilis X Citrus Deliciosa.
7. Galgal (Citron)
The scientific name of Citron is Citrus Medica. The native of Citron is Uttarakhand. Galgal is one of the top 15 varieties of citrus fruits available in India. Galgal is also known as Citron and is widely used to make jams and quick pickles in India. Galgal is one of the largest fragrant citrus fruits and has a variety of medicinal uses.
The scientific name of pomelo is Citrus Maxima. The white-fleshed pomelo gives you a sweet taste, while the pinkish pomelo will give you a sour taste. Mostly, these pomelos are seen in Asia and are eaten at Chinese festivals and occasions.
India is the largest producer of lemon (नींबू) and largely grown in Assam. Lemon is one of the best citrus fruits which are used in preparing pickles and to add tang to dishes.
Lemon zest is used widely in salads and desserts. Lemon has a high citric acid content and has its own unique sour taste. The scientific name of lemon is Citrus Limon.
India is one of the largest producers of grapefruits in the world. Grapefruit has a unique flavor that ranges from sour to sweet flavor. Sometimes, it can taste a bit bitter too. These grapefruits come in different colors—red, pink, and white.
The scientific name of grapefruit is Citrus Paradisi. These grapefruits look like small orange citrus fruits.
11. Bitter Orange
As the name suggests, this citrus fruit has a very bitter flavor. In fact, it is the most bitter flavored citrus fruit that is available in the market. Bitter orange is a fruit similar to orange. Bitter orange is a cross between mandarin and pomelo and is widely used in Turkish cuisines and to manufacture perfumes and essential oils.
12. Key Lime
Key lime pie, anyone?
Key lime is also known as Mexican lime, and the scientific name of lime is Citrus Aurantifolia. It gives a sweet flavor and is rich in vitamin C. Key lime is mostly used in Indian cuisines. Key lime is from the lemon family fruits. There are many lemon varieties in India.
13. Kaffir Lime
Kaffir lime comes under the citrus food list and is known as makrut lime. Kaffir lime leaves are used in preparing dishes from Thai cuisine. Moreover, this lime is used as a shampoo fragrance in some regions and is believed to kill lice and reduce dandruff. The botanical name of Kaffir lime is Citrus Hystrix.
14. Buddha’s Hand
India is one of the largest producers of Buddha’s hand. It is one of the most unique citrus fruits that are available in the world. The botanical name of Buddha’s hand is Medica var. Sarcodactylis.
It is the unique fruit that is divided into segments, which look like hands and fingers (hence the name). Buddha’s hand is mainly used for its zest to prepare desserts, dishes, and some alcoholic drinks.
15. Mandarin Orange
The scientific name of Mandarin orange is Reticulata. Mandarin orange is one of the best and the most purchased fruit from the citrus family in the world. It is definitely one of the top 15 varieties of citrus fruits available in India. Mandarin orange is a fruit that looks like an orange.
The mandarin holds a special place in China, as it has a lot of medicinal purposes. It is believed that mandarin oranges can treat digestion and abdominal-related issues.
Health Benefits Of Citrus Fruits Available in India
- Citrus fruits help in aiding weight loss. It is because citrus fruits have high fiber content and water, which helps in keeping you hydrated for more extended periods.
- Citrus fruits are rich in fiber content. Thus, it helps in boosting cardiovascular health and reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
- Citrus fruits also help in reducing the risk of stomach and esophageal cancers.
- Citrus fruits are a great anti-aging food. They help in regenerating collagen that maintains the elasticity of your skin.
- Citrus fruits help in reducing the risk of kidney stones, as they are rich in plant compounds and vitamins.
All types of citrus fruit are rich in nutrients and contain plant compounds. Therefore, these citrus fruits can help in protecting against some diseases, which include cancer, kidney issues, heart diseases, brain dysfunction, and many more. Moreover, citrus fruits are healthy for our body and are low in calories. Thus, people could benefit if they include some citrus fruits in their food diet.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here, we have answered a few interesting questions about the varieties of citrus fruits available in India.
In this article, we have mentioned 15 popular varieties of citrus fruits available in India, which are lemons, oranges, sweet lime, tangerine, clementine, blood orange, kinnow, Buddha’s hand, galgal, pomelo, grapefruit, bitter orange, keylime, kaffire lime and mandarin.
Yes. A popular citrus fruit, sweet lime is also called mosambi.
Kiwi fruit has some similar qualities to citrus fruit, but it’s from the non-citrus fruit category.
The most commonly used citrus fruits are lemon, mosambi, orange, grapefruit and tangerine.