Types Of Cheese: 18 Types Of Cheese You Would Love

This is the best list of all types of Cheese available and made around the world. From the popular ones like Parmesan, Cheddar, Brie, Gouda, and Cottage Cheese, to the lesser-known Gorgonzola and Pecorino Romano, this list contains nutritional information and taste notes of all types of cheese.

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What Is Cheese?

Cheese is simply a dairy product that is made from the acidification of milk. It consists of fats and proteins from milk and reaches us in a variety of flavors, forms, and textures. There is a protein present in milk which is called casein and this protein in milk, is coagulated after the acidification of milk. While the process of making cheese is a known method to preserve milk for a long period of time, cheese is, in fact, completely different from milk in many ways. Production of cheese is a long process that requires bacteria, enzymes, and various acids. As mentioned earlier, it is a form of milk but milk in this form can be stored for months and years.

Nowadays, cheese is one of the most commonly used and likable food ingredients. There are different types of cheese and they offer a variety of health benefits as well as some side effects on regular consumption. Read on to find out more about cheese.

Watch: 18 Types Of Cheese That You Would Love To Know About

Types Of Cheese: Cheese is simply a dairy product that is made from acidification of milk.

Different Types Of Cheese

Cheese is a flavorsome and appetizing dairy product. Everyone has their own preference of cheese depending on taste and texture. The various types of cheese available are:

1. Wensleydale

This cheese originated from the village of Wensleydale in North Yorkshire, England. It looks pale yellow in color and has a soft powdery texture which means it can be broken into small parts easily. It has a tart flavor and it usually consists of dried fruits such as cranberries, apricots, etc. It is a distinguished British cheese with 385 kcal calories, 31.8 g of fat, 23.7 g of protein and 0.1 g of carbs.

2. Stilton

This is also a popular cheese originated in England but it is now being exported to other parts of the world. Since the early 18th century, Stilton has played an important role in the diet of the Britishers.

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Types Of Cheese: This is also a popular cheese originated in England but it is now being exported to other parts of the world.

This is a strong cheese with a semi-soft texture and it is creamy yellow in color. It is a blue cheese with lots of flavor in it as it has a sweet soothing taste. It is a rich source of vitamin K2 and comes with 393 kcal calories, 35.7g of fat, 25g of protein and 3.6g of carbs.

3. Roquefort

France is famous for its amazing cheese and Roquefort is one of them. It is a type of blue cheese and is also known as the king of cheese. It is produced from sheep’s milk and ripened in Southern France, in the caves of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon. It is ripened in these caves because these caves have a bacteria present in its soil which gives the Roquefort cheese some distinguishing characteristics. This bacteria is called penicillium roqueforti and there are studies that prove that this bacteria protects you against cardiovascular diseases.

Types Of Cheese: Roquefort is a type of blue cheese and is also known as the king of cheese.

Roquefort cheese is stored for approximately 5 months, before consumption and it has a strong tangy flavor. It has a semi-hard texture and is white in color with large blue veins. It consists of 369 kcal calories along with 30.6g of fat, 21.5g of protein and 2g of carbs.

4. Ricotta

Ricotta is a cheese originated from Italy. It is made from whey, which is the liquid remain after the milk has been strained. It is a popular cheese with a mildly sweet flavor. It has a soft and creamy texture and is white or light cream in color. It has some health benefits as well as it has a low level of calories and is a rich source of protein.

Types Of Cheese: Ricotta cheese is also available in low fat which is commonly consumed by body-builders and athletes.

Ricotta cheese is also available in low fat which is commonly consumed by body builders and athletes. It has only 174 kcal calories which are way less than other cheeses. It has 11.3g of protein, 13g of fat and 3g of carbs.

5. Pecorino Romano

It is an Italian cheese and one of the oldest cheese available. It originated in Italy and has been a part of the Roman diet for centuries. Made from the milk of sheep, pecorino romano has a hard texture with a salty taste. It resembles parmesan cheese in looks but has a more salty taste than parmesan.

Pecorino Romano is different from the general Romano cheese in North America that is made from cow’s milk and has a mild intensity. It has a pale yellow color with 387 kcal of calories, 31.8 g of protein, 26.9 g of fat and 3.6 g of carbs.

6. Parmesan

Parmesan originated from Italy and is a dry hard cheese with a strong and potent flavor. Parmesan has a POD status, which means it has a protected designation of origin. This designation means that the cheese can only come from its home in Northern Italy.

Types Of Cheese: Parmesan is in unpasteurized form and it is aged for 1 to 3 years before consumption.

Parmesan is in unpasteurized form and it is aged for 1 to 3 years before consumption. The texture of the parmesan depends on the number of years, it has been aged. It is used in various dishes to add flavor. It is pale yellow in color with 431 kcal of calories, 38.5 g of protein, 28.6 g of fat and 4.1 g of carbs.

7. Mozzarella

Mozzarella is a commonly used and known cheese. It is used by almost everyone to flavor various dishes. It is a soft chewy cheese with a creamy white color and it originated in Southern Italy. Traditionally, it is made from buffalo milk but nowadays, it is produced from cow, goat and sheep’s milk as well. It contains 318 kcal of calories, 21.6 g of protein, 24.6 g of fat and 2.5 g of carbs.

Types Of Cheese: Dried mozzarella is used for culinary purposes such as in pizza, lasagna, and other baked dishes.

There are two types of Mozzarella:

7.1. Dried Mozzarella

Dried mozzarella is used for culinary purposes such as in pizza, lasagna and other baked dishes.

7.2. Fresh Mozzarella

Fresh mozzarella can be eaten alone or it can be paired with salads, olive oil, and herbs.

8. Mascarpone

Mascarpone is a cream cheese originated in Italy. It is a soft cheese and is made either from cow’s milk or cream. Mascarpone is a type of cheese that is fresh and doesn’t undergo fermentation before consumption. It has a creamy white color and resembles yogurt or sour cream. It is very light with a mild taste.

It has many uses such as in desserts, to thicken sauces, with fruits, etc. It is white in color with a creamy texture. It has 429 kcal of calories, 7.1 g of protein, 46.4 g of fat and 0 carbs.

9. Havarti

Havarti is originated from Denmark and it is called a semi-soft Danish table cheese. It has a semi-soft and creamy texture. Its taste depends on the aging process of the cheese. This type of cheese has a buttery look with a mildly tangy taste. The aging of Havarti is done for a maximum of 3 months.

It is commonly consumed with wine, fruits, etc and can also be grilled for consumption. It is a pale yellow color and contains 292 kcal of calories, 30.1 g of protein, 18.5 g of fat and 1.4 g of carbs.

10. Gruyere

Gruyere originated in Switzerland in the medieval town of Gruyeres in Fribourg. It is a hard cheese with a firm texture and from cream to orange in color. It is made after aging for 6 months to 1 year and longer the aging, deeper is the texture.

Types Of Cheese: Gruyere cheese is a hard cheese with a firm texture and from cream to orange in color.

This type of cheese can be eaten alone but it can also be used in various cooking purposes. Raw gruyere tastes better than pasteurized gruyere. It contains 413 kcal of calories, 29.8 g of protein, 32.3 g of fat and 0.4 g of carbs.

11. Gouda

Gouda originated from Southern Netherlands with a semi-hard to hard texture. It is light or dark yellow in color and has different tastes depending on the aging process. Depending on the aging process, Gouda is classified as:

Aging Time Name Of The Gouda Cheese
4 weeks Young cheese
8 to 10 weeks Young matured cheese
16 to 18 weeks Matured cheese
7 to 8 months Extra matured cheese
10 to 12 months Old cheese
More than 12 months Very old cheese

Gouda has 356 kcal of calories, 24.9 g of protein, 27.4 g of fat and 2.2 g of carbs.

12. Gorgonzola

Gorgonzola is a strong cheese originated from Italy. It has a creamy texture with a pale yellow color. It has 353 kcal of calories, 21.4 g of protein, 28.7 g of fat and 2.3 g of carbs. Gorgonzola is of 2 types:

12.1. Dolce Gorgonzola

This type of gorgonzola cheese is aged for less than 3 months. It is a soft and creamy cheese which can also be used as a spread. It has a mildly sweet flavor but is still more pungent than other cheeses.

12.2. Piccante Gorgonzola

This type of gorgonzola cheese is aged for 6 to 12 months. It has a semi-hard texture with a pungent flavor. Due to the pungent flavor in them, they are paired with different food items for consumption and cannot be eaten alone.

13. Feta Cheese

Feta is a popular Greek cheese that is made from sheep or goat milk. Unlike other cheeses, it is not named after its country of origin, instead, feta means slice. This type of cheese is soft and has a salty and tangy taste. Feta cheese can be consumed raw, grilled and marinated with olive oil and herbs. It has 264b kcal of calories, 14.2 g of protein, 21.3 g of fat and 4.1 g of carbs.

14. Cream Cheese

Cream cheese is a very old type of cheese, almost 500 years old. It originated in the United Kingdom. Cream cheese is of various textures such as semi-hard or hard. It has a high value of fat and very little protein.

Types Of Cheese: Cream cheese has a white spread like appearance with a soft and creamy texture, with a mildly sweet taste.

It has a white spread-like appearance with soft and creamy texture, with a mildly sweet taste. It has 342 kcal of calories, 5.9 g of protein, 34.2 g of fat and 4.1 g of carbs.

15. Cottage Cheese

Cottage cheese originated in the United States with a creamy texture. This cheese resembles curd and is very different than other cheeses. It has good nutritional value with low fat and low calorie content. It has a salty taste but some people don’t like its appearance. It has only 98 kcal of calories, 11.1 g of protein, 4.3 g of fat and 3.4 g of carbs.

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16. Cheddar Cheese

Cheddar cheese is a commonly consumed cheese. It is a soft cheese with pale white to orange color. Cheddar originated from England and its texture depends on the aging process.

Types Of Cheese: vintage cheddar is hard with a tangy flavor.
  Aging Time   Strengths Of Cheese
3 months Mild cheese
5 to 6 months Medium cheese
9 months Mature cheese
15 months Extra mature cheese
18 months or more Vintage cheese

Mild cheddar is soft and creamy while vintage cheddar is hard with a tangy flavor. Cheddar cheese has 403 kcal of calories, 24.9 g of protein, 33.1 g of fat and 1.3 g of carbs.

17. Camembert

Camembert originated in France. It has a soft and creamy texture with a pale yellow color. Camembert is ripened in small sizes which makes the fermentation of camembert a fast process. It has a strong taste with mildly sour flavor in between. It has 300 kcal of calories, 19.8 g of protein, 24.3 g of fat and 0.5 g of carbs.

Types Of Cheese: Camembert has a soft and creamy texture with a pale yellow color.

18. Brie Cheese

Brie also originated in France and is a soft and creamy cheese. The makers of the Brie cheese add cream to it before fermentation, thus increasing the fat content on the cheese. Brie cheese has a light flavor as small amount of lactic acid is added to it. It is pale yellow in color with 334 kcal of calories, 20.7 g of protein, 27.7 g of fat and 0.5 g of carbs.

Types Of Cheese: The makers of the Brie cheese add cream to it before fermentation.

Source of Nutritional Values: USDA Food Composition Database

In conclusion, cheese is a commonly consumed food ingredient but this article has information about the various types of cheese available in the market. The type of cheese that you like depends on the taste that you prefer as each cheese has a different flavor and texture.

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