Types Of Cheese: 18 Types Of Cheese You Would Love
This is the best list of all types of Cheese available and made around the world. From the popular ones like Parmesan, Cheddar, Brie, Gouda, and Cottage Cheese, to the lesser-known Gorgonzola and Pecorino Romano, this list contains nutritional information and taste notes of all types of cheese.
What Is Cheese?
Cheese is simply a dairy product that is made from the acidification of milk. It consists of fats and proteins from milk and reaches us in a variety of flavors, forms, and textures. There is a protein present in milk which is called casein and this protein in milk is coagulated after the acidification of milk. While the process of making cheese is a known method to preserve milk for a long period of time, cheese is, in fact, completely different from milk in many ways. Production of cheese is a long process that requires bacteria, enzymes, and various acids. As mentioned earlier, it is a form of milk, but milk in this form can be stored for months and years.
Nowadays, cheese is one of the most commonly used and likable food ingredients. There are different types of cheese and they offer a variety of health benefits as well as some side effects on regular consumption. Read on to find out more about cheese.
Read here the list of all the cheesiest cheeses available across the world.
Different Types Of Cheese
Cheese is a flavorsome and appetizing dairy product. Everyone has their own preference of cheese depending on taste and texture. The various types of cheese available are:
This cheese originated from the village of Wensleydale in North Yorkshire, England. It looks pale yellow in color and has a soft powdery texture which means it can be broken into small parts easily. It has a tart flavor and it usually consists of dried fruits such as cranberries, apricots, etc. It is a distinguished British cheese with 385 kcal calories, 31.8 g of fat, 23.7 g of protein and 0.1 g of carbs.
This is also a popular cheese originated in England, but it is now being exported to other parts of the world. Since the early 18th century, Stilton has played an important role in the diet of the Britishers.
This is a strong cheese with a semi-soft texture and it is creamy yellow in color. It is a blue cheese with lots of flavor in it as it has a sweet soothing taste. It is a rich source of vitamin K2 and comes with 393 kcal calories, 35.7g of fat, 25g of protein and 3.6g of carbs.
France is famous for its amazing cheese, and Roquefort is one of them. It is a type of blue cheese and is also known as the king of cheese. It is produced from sheep’s milk and ripened in Southern France, in the caves of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon. It is ripened in these caves because these caves have a bacterium present in its soil which gives the Roquefort cheese some distinguishing characteristics. These bacteria are called penicillium roqueforti and there are studies that prove that these bacteria protects you against cardiovascular diseases.
Roquefort cheese is stored for approximately 5 months before consumption and it has a strong tangy flavor. It has a semi-hard texture and is white in color with large blue veins. It consists of 369 kcal calories along with 30.6g of fat, 21.5g of protein and 2g of carbs.
Ricotta is a cheese originated from Italy. It is made from whey, which is the liquid remain after the milk has been strained. It is a popular cheese with a mildly sweet flavor. It has a soft and creamy texture and is white or light cream in color. It has some health benefits as well as it has a low level of calories and is a rich source of protein.
Ricotta cheese is also available in low fat, which is commonly consumed by bodybuilders and athletes. It has only 174 kcal calories, which are significantly less than other cheeses. It has 11.3g of protein, 13g of fat and 3g of carbs.
5. Pecorino Romano
It is an Italian cheese and one of the oldest cheese available. It originated in Italy and has been a part of the Roman diet for centuries. Made from the milk of sheep, pecorino romano has a hard texture with a salty taste. It resembles parmesan cheese in looks but has a more salty taste than parmesan.
Pecorino Romano is different from the general Romano cheese in North America that is made from cow’s milk and has a mild intensity. It has a pale yellow color with 387 kcal of calories, 31.8 g of protein, 26.9 g of fat and 3.6 g of carbs.
Parmesan originated from Italy and is a dry hard cheese with a strong and potent flavor. Parmesan has a POD status, which means it has a protected designation of origin. This designation means that the cheese can only come from its home in Northern Italy.
Parmesan is in unpasteurized form, and it is aged for 1 to 3 years before consumption. The texture of the parmesan depends on the number of years it has been aged. It is used in various dishes to add flavor. It is pale yellow in color with 431 kcal of calories, 38.5 g of protein, 28.6 g of fat and 4.1 g of carbs.
Mozzarella is a commonly used and known cheese. It is used by almost everyone to flavor various dishes. It is a soft chewy cheese with a creamy white color and it originated in Southern Italy. Traditionally, it is made from buffalo milk, but nowadays; it is produced from cow, goat and sheep’s milk as well. It contains 318 kcal of calories, 21.6 g of protein, 24.6 g of fat and 2.5 g of carbs.
There are two types of mozzarella:
7.1. Dried Mozzarella
Dried mozzarella is used for culinary purposes such as in pizza, lasagna and other baked dishes.
7.2. Fresh Mozzarella
Fresh mozzarella can be eaten alone or it can be paired with salads, olive oil, and herbs.
Mascarpone is a cream cheese originated in Italy. It is a soft cheese and is made either from cow’s milk or cream. Mascarpone is a type of cheese that is fresh and doesn’t undergo fermentation before consumption. It has a creamy white color and resembles yogurt or sour cream. It is very light with a mild taste.
It has many uses such as in desserts, to thicken sauces, with fruits, etc. It is white in color with a creamy texture. It has 429 kcal of calories, 7.1 g of protein, 46.4 g of fat and 0 carbs.
Havarti is originated from Denmark and it is called a semi-soft Danish table cheese. It has a semi-soft and creamy texture. Its taste depends on the aging process of the cheese. This type of cheese has a buttery look with a mildly tangy taste. The aging of Havarti is done for a maximum of 3 months.
It is commonly consumed with wine, fruits, etc. and can also be grilled for consumption. It is a pale yellow color and contains 292 kcal of calories, 30.1 g of protein, 18.5 g of fat and 1.4 g of carbs.
Gruyere originated in Switzerland in the medieval town of Gruyeres in Fribourg. It is a hard cheese with a firm texture and from cream to orange in color. It is made after aging for 6 months to 1 year and longer the aging, deeper is the texture. This type of cheese can be eaten alone, but it can also be used for various cooking purposes.
Raw gruyere tastes better than pasteurized gruyere. It contains 413 kcal of calories, 29.8 g of protein, 32.3 g of fat and 0.4 g of carbs.
Gouda originated from Southern Netherlands with a semi-hard to hard texture. It is light or dark yellow in color and has different tastes, depending on the aging process. Depending on the aging process, Gouda is classified as:
|Aging Time||Name Of The Gouda Cheese|
|4 weeks||Young cheese|
|8 to 10 weeks||Young matured cheese|
|16 to 18 weeks||Matured cheese|
|7 to 8 months||Extra matured cheese|
|10 to 12 months||Old cheese|
|More than 12 months||Very old cheese|
Gouda has 356 kcal of calories, 24.9 g of protein, 27.4 g of fat and 2.2 g of carbs.
Gorgonzola is a strong cheese originated from Italy. It has a creamy texture with a pale yellow color. It has 353 kcal of calories, 21.4 g of protein, 28.7 g of fat and 2.3 g of carbs. Gorgonzola is of 2 types:
12.1. Dolce Gorgonzola
This type of gorgonzola cheese is aged for less than 3 months. It is a soft and creamy cheese which can also be used as a spread. It has a mildly sweet flavor but is still more pungent than other cheeses.
12.2. Piccante Gorgonzola
This type of gorgonzola cheese is aged for 6 to 12 months. It has a semi-hard texture with a pungent flavor. Due to the pungent flavor in them, they are paired with different food items for consumption and cannot be eaten alone.
13. Feta Cheese
Feta is a popular Greek cheese that is made from sheep or goat’s milk. Unlike other cheeses, it is not named after its country of origin. Instead, feta means slice. This type of cheese is soft and has a salty and tangy taste. Feta cheese can be consumed raw, grilled and marinated with olive oil and herbs. It has 264b kcal of calories, 14.2 g of protein, 21.3 g of fat and 4.1 g of carbs.
14. Cream Cheese
Cream cheese is a very old type of cheese, almost 500 years old. It originated in the United Kingdom. Cream cheese is of various textures such as semi-hard or hard. It has a high value of fat and very little protein.
It has a white spread-like appearance with soft and creamy texture, with a mildly sweet taste. It has 342 kcal of calories, 5.9 g of protein, 34.2 g of fat and 4.1 g of carbs.
15. Cottage Cheese
Cottage cheese originated in the United States with a creamy texture. This cheese resembles curd and is very different than other cheeses. It has good nutritional value with low fat and low calorie content. It has a salty taste but some people don’t like its appearance. It has only 98 kcal of calories, 11.1 g of protein, 4.3 g of fat and 3.4 g of carbs.
16. Cheddar Cheese
Cheddar cheese is a commonly consumed cheese. It is a soft cheese with pale white to orange color. Cheddar originated from England and its texture depends on the aging process.
|Aging Time||Strengths Of Cheese|
|3 months||Mild cheese|
|5 to 6 months||Medium cheese|
|9 months||Mature cheese|
|15 months||Extra mature cheese|
|18 months or more||Vintage cheese|
Mild cheddar is soft and creamy while vintage cheddar is hard with a tangy flavor. Cheddar cheese has 403 kcal of calories, 24.9 g of protein, 33.1 g of fat and 1.3 g of carbs.
Camembert originated in France. It has a soft and creamy texture with a pale yellow color. Camembert is ripened in small sizes, which makes the fermentation of Camembert a fast process. It has a strong taste with a mildly sour flavor in between. It has 300 kcal of calories, 19.8 g of protein, 24.3 g of fat and 0.5 g of carbs.
18. Brie Cheese
Brie also originated in France and is a soft and creamy cheese. The makers of the Brie cheese add cream to it before fermentation, thus increasing the fat content on the cheese. Brie cheese has a light flavor as a small amount of lactic acid is added to it. It is pale yellow in color with 334 kcal of calories, 20.7 g of protein, 27.7 g of fat and 0.5 g of carbs.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here we have answered a few interesting FAQs about the different varieties of cheese available across the world.
1. What are the different categories of cheese available in India?
There are 7 different categories of cheese which are
- Fresh Cheese
- Aged Fresh Cheese
- Soft White Rind
- Semi Soft Cheese
- Hard Cheese
- Blue Cheese
- Flavored Cheese
2. Is it unhealthy to consume cheese daily?
Moderation is key to a healthy diet. Cheese being high in fat, sodium and calories won’t be advisable to consume every day as it may lead to high blood pressure and cholesterol.
3. What are the 8 cheese types?
There are 8 different types of cheese available in India, apart from paneer which are khoya, qudam, chhurpi, kalari, churu, chhena, bandel, and topli na paneer.
4. What are the tastiest cheeses?
Listing down some of the tastiest cheese you must taste once.
- Goat Cheese
- Cream Cheese
- Monterey Jack
- Queso Fresco
After a week-long review process, we came up with our top picks for the best cheese cube brands in India.
In conclusion, cheese is a commonly consumed food ingredient, but this article has information about the various types of cheese available in the market. The type of cheese that you like depends on the taste that you prefer, as each cheese has a different flavor and texture.
Source of Nutritional Values: USDA Food Composition Database