Types Of Rice Based On Color, Texture, Shape, And Aroma | Which One Suits You Best?

Though there are various types of rice grain present in the market, still it can't be said that all would enjoy each of its variants. From sticky rice to parboiled, and types of rice such as black rice, brown rice, and red rice, we put together everything there is know to understand your rice better.

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Rice, a popular source of carbohydrates, is commonly eaten throughout the world in different forms and sizes. The availability of different variants of rice makes it suitable for people living in diverse geographic regions to cultivate and consume this versatile grain. Rice has been grown for over 3500 years and has been a part of the culinary heritage of several regions and countries over centuries. In addition to a pleasing taste, rice is also a source of many health benefits. Sadly, it often gets a bad name these days, and people often wonder if rice makes you gain weight? This notion couldn’t be further from the truth. As long as you have a healthy lifestyle, not riddled with the excesses of eating out and inactivity, consuming rice is perfectly alright. In fact, in India, most coastal regions are known to enjoy rice as a staple food. It is also amongst the cheapest sources of nutrition for many who cannot afford expensive ingredients. This article provides a complete list of types of rice that you can enjoy with your curries and subzis

Before we learn about the different types of rice available for consumption, let us first take a look at the anatomy of a rice-grain, and what are its constituents.

Hull: A hull is the outermost inedible layer that covers each grain of rice and is subsequently removed before its consumption. 

Bran: Just after the hull is removed, a layer of bran could be considered as the outermost layer, yet it is an edible part of the grain that is rich in fiber. This layer is not present in some of the rice-types, and might sometimes appear brown or red as per the pigmentation.

Polished Surface: Polished or white surface is the innermost part of the grain that is revealed only after the removal of the bran layer. It is loaded with starch and other complex carbohydrates. 

Germ: Found under all the other layers, the germ is a nutritionally dense part of a grain that contains vitamins, minerals, and protein, further providing the rice with its added nutritional benefits. 

Types Of Rice Based On Color 

1. White Rice

This is by far the most popular type of rice that is consumed across the world. White rice is comparatively high in calories, which makes it the wrong choice if you are looking for something that’ll help you lose weight. The main reason behind its appearance is the fact that it has its germ, husk, and bran layer removed, all of which give it a different taste and texture. The removal of bran also lowers the amount of dietary fiber present in the item, thus brown rice which contains an adequate amount of bran is often considered to be a healthier alternative for white-polished rice. 

Also Read: Sources Of Carbohydrates|Tips To Add Carbs In Your Daily Diet

types of rice
White rice lacks the outer bran covering, thus revealing its polished white surface.

2. Brown Rice

Brown rice is a particular type of whole-rice grain that is produced just by the removal of the inedible outer covering. Unlike white rice, there is a layer of bran and cereal germ present in these, which gives them a brown color and high-fiber content. This high-fiber content is responsible for making it a healthier alternative to white rice. Loaded with vitamins and minerals, brown rice can be considered as a whole-grain food. Its low-calorific value and low glycaemic index are few of its characteristics that support its healthy nature, as it is also completely free of gluten. 

Types of Rice: Unlike white rice, brown rice has a thin bran layer which gives it a mid-nutty taste and brown color.
Unlike white rice, brown rice has a thin bran layer which gives it a mid-nutty taste and brown color.

3. Red Rice

Since bran and germ covering is responsible for giving the rice a certain brownish color, it is self-evident that a high amount of bran and germs would increase the strength of the brownish appearance and make it look red, thus it gets its name as red rice. Another type of whole-grain rice, red rice contains a higher amount of fiber and minerals. One of the minerals present in red rice, namely magnesium, provides red rice with almost all of its beneficial qualities. Magnesium, which is present in this type of rice, is often linked with the lowering of one’s blood pressure, controlling blood sugar level, and strengthening bones. So, it is quite clear that red rice is a healthier alternative to even brown rice.

types of rice
Red rice contains a higher amount of bran and germ, thus it appears to be red.

Also Read: Brown Rice Vs White Rice: The Healthier Option

4. Black Rice

Black Rice, also known as forbidden rice is generally characterized as a good source for minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Containing a mild-nutty flavor, the addition of black rice would add a certain aromatic flair to your meal.

types of rice
Though black rice is not completely free of gluten, its still has a significant amount of minerals and vitamins.

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Different Shapes Of Rice

1. Short Grain Rice

As the name suggests, these rice grains are shorter in size (its length is double of its width). Turning soft and tender after cooking, these rice grains tend to stick together, which makes it a great choice as sushi rice. In addition to that, these types of grains are also used as an ingredient in puddings and salads. 

2. Medium-Grain Rice

There isn’t much of a visual difference between medium and short-grain rice. Being slightly longer than short-grain, both of these types often get mixed and might confuse the consumer. However, being somewhat similar doesn’t mean that both are just the same, for cooking medium-length rice results in more chewy, moist and tender grains. Arborio and Valencia are a few examples of medium grain rice, which are also best suited for the preparation of dishes such as risotto. 

3. Long-Grain Rice

These grain types can be quite easily identified, for the difference between its length and width is significant enough to make it look long and slim. After cooking, these rice grains are less chewy as compared to other types, however, if there is one likable quality about these grains, it would be the fact that they are less sticky and equally fluffy as compared to the other two types. Some examples of long-grain rice include basmati and jasmine.

types of rice
Long grain rice appears to be long and slim, thus it is quite easy to differentiate it from short or medium-grain rice.

Different Textures Of Cooked Rice

Before we go any further, you need to note that there are two basic textures associated with cooked rice, namely sticky and parboiled, both of which have different uses as per their characteristics. 

1. Sticky Rice

Being moist and tender, this texture makes the different grains of rice stick together effortlessly. This property makes it a great variant for dishes such as sushi, which often requires the grains to settle together. 

2. Parboiled Rice

As the only other texture associated with cooked rice, it must be clear to you that these specific types of grains are rather firm and stay separated after the whole cooking process. In addition to that, these grains are just as moist and fluffy as the other type, which makes them a great variant for a completely different set of recipes. 

Types Of Aromatic Rice

These are a special classification of rice as they have a particular aroma and flavor associated with each grain. The main factor behind their aromatic nature is the presence of a certain compound called  2-acetyl 1-pyrroline.

1. Jasmine Rice

Also known as Thai fragrant rice, these grains are slightly less aromatic. They are a common part of Asian delicacies and are often found in long-grain forms, which means that they stay separated and fluffy after cooking. 

2. Basmati Rice

Basmati rice is quite popular in India, and over 90% of these grains exported across the world originate from India. Basmati rice has an aromatic and tasteful character that is stronger than that in Jasmine rice. Remaining separated and fluffy after cooking, basmati rice is often cooked along with other spices and flavorings that help in enhancing its taste. 

Though rice and its variants are quite easy to come across, as they are widely available across the world, it is also vital for you to know which type of this grain works best for your recipes. And to prepare a perfect rice meal you must take into account its texture, aroma, shape, and most of all, its nutritional content. If you keep in mind all the factors that are associated with its cooking, you will for sure prepare a flavorful meal with all the minerals and vitamins that rice has to offer.

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